Of course, a few exceptions apply; notably the MacBook Air and iMac Not only are the SSDs cross-compatible between the different devices, but the different computers do in fact share the exact same drives. The SSDs were manufactured by Samsung, SanDisk, and Toshiba, and the same manufacturer part numbers have been found on drives retrieved from all of the different computers. All Gen. All the Gen. Interestingly, while the drives are all limited to a PCIe 2. The big revision to the Mac Pro desktop saw big changes to its storage devices as well.
The Late Mac Pro was the first Mac Pro to have a solid state drive standard, the first to natively use PCIe storage, and to the dismay of many power users, the first to support only a single internal storage device. The All iMacs of this era support NVMe, but the speed increase is more limited in the This was the first and last time Apple used this smaller connector for PCIe connections in any of their product lines.
The Mac mini motherboard only supports a PCIe 2. Generation 4 brought massive increases in speeds when compared to their Gen. All the laptops and desktops released during this period could make use of the four channel PCIe connection, but only a few select models could reap the benefits of the PCIe 3. For devices that did support a PCIe 3. All in all, the fourth generation of solid state drives represented another monumental leap in drive technology.
This is quick an easy way to identify the Generation 4 drives from the Gen. Despite the lack of PCIe 3. The same Gen. The Late iMacs see a lot of the same trends found in earlier iMac releases. All SSDs have some portion of their capacity reserved to replace bad blocks that have become unreliable with time; a natural wearing down of drives that occurs during the writing process. The fifth generation of Apple SSDs introduced a few major changes. On the performance front, all the Gen. These two changes meant that not only are the Gen.
Despite the larger connector on the Gen. The only way to upgrade the storage on the MacBook Pro with Touch Bar is to replace the entire logic board.
In the meantime, if you have and questions or comments, leave them below because I probably already have the answer. Cody's the guy who started Beetstech in his grandma's dining room! When he's not writing blog posts, he's jumping from role to role here at Beetstech, doing whatever needs to be done to make Beetstech even better. In other words, if I put a SSD into my Late , will I be able to take advantage of the higher speed from x4 vs. Currently it has a 1TB fusion drive with a wimpy 24GB ssd component.
The connector is still a mystery to me. Cheney, I came to this article looking to find out more about the Blade SSD in the Mac Mini so that I can research drop-in compatible replacements. I have a question regarding this connectors. I have a hard drive that I need to format so I can use it again. I have tried several from Amazon but none of them seem to work. Hello Cody I am so thankful to see this article you posted, like John Albergo said, this article has most useful info that I have saw from other websites, it helps me a lot. Thank you But I still have some questions that I hope you could help me out.
Question 1. Great work and thanks!
Mac Mini Server Bottom Hard Drive Flex Cable
Since the drive is larger, is there room inside the laptop? Thank you so much for this incredibly useful guide. I only can confirm that this is the best article by this topic on the Internet. It clarifies a lot and super usefull for those who look for upgrade opportunity. Thanks in advance. Great article. In either case I will likely go with the highest memory and processor speed with a 1 TB drive. Cody, truly incredible and diligent work on this guide, I am extremely impressed. It is quite clear that you are the only man who can finally answer this question, so here I go.
Cody, Out of respect for your guide I separated my other question from my question about the SSD, as I was not sure if you wanted it included with posts that were more specific to your guide. If you were going to use the SD slot as a storage option, even though it is not secure and potentially volatile, how would you go about maximizing the slots deminished potential, in the most productive fashion.
Hi — thanks for this awesome page, a proppa treasure trove of info! Thanks for this guide. I had a question about the mid MacBook Air. I had been looking to upgrade my ssd and had been hearing of issues with using non proprietary drives when I was looking into options like the Samsung Pro While you explained everything pretty thoroughly, I still wanted to know if the drives available here are comparable to the Samsung Pro manufacturer model sold on Amazon?
And what are the main differences between this and the Transcend JetDrive ? Black Magic around RR. Ideas anyone on getting sleep to work reliably? Wish this was part of geekbench!! Excellent article Cody! Do you have or can you recommend a link that explains the issues surrounding why a mac will boot from some SSD PCIe drives but not from others?
Any options for an I ternal pcie ssd to 2. Thanks a lot for this! Moreover, I would appreciate if someone could please help me a bit with advice. I need more storage space, hence I want to replace my existing stock drive with a GB one. In addition, it would be great to have not only more space, but also more speed. So far I have been unable to find anything even remotely compatible. Great article, I have learned quite a lot from reading this!
First off, thank you much for all the information provided. But… What about MacBooks? It is probably worth noting that the only Apple supplied system that is shipping with removable Gen5b PCIe 3. Or is the performance tied to the actual SSD and not the computer? Hi I have iMac First of all, a big thanks. But now. However, the external monitors now stay black. I ignored all this compatibility issues before reading here few days ago.
2 internal SATA ports on new mac mini?
Does the Mac Mini late really accept the Gen 2. Can I put a Gen5b 1tb drive into a macbook pro? This excellent! Is this the recommendation for maximum speed? If not, will the new Gen 3 drives give me any speed boost over the original drive? I want to go minimum RAM and hard drive, I can upgrade myself. Great page and thread. Excellent for a relative Mac newbie. Can anyone advise me please? I could manage with GB to keep costs down. Thank you for such an informative article. This answers so much confusion. I believe this would be the Gen.
Due to the custom PIN types its very difficult to find an enclosure that will be compatible. Can you recommend any that you know are compatible? Both my college-age kids have MacBook Pros. The DriveDX app i have that monitors drive health is giving me warnings that the SSD is overheating, but it only reaches about F under heavy work loads. I have a macbook air, 11 inch. I own an early 13 inch MacBook Air laptop. Thanks a lot for this gorgeous article and also for taking your time answering this kind of questions. I really appreciate the level of detail you went in to in breaking this Rotten Apple down.
The Mac mini branded with lowercase "mini" is a desktop computer made by Apple Inc. One of four desktop computers in the current Macintosh lineup, along with the iMac , Mac Pro , and iMac Pro , it uses many components usually featured in laptops to achieve its small size. First released in , the Mac mini is Apple's only consumer desktop computer since to ship without a display , keyboard, or mouse. A server version of the Mac mini, bundled with the Server edition of the OS X operating system,  was offered from to A small form factor computer had been widely speculated and requested long before the release of the Mac mini.
Rumors predicted that the "headless iMac" would be extremely small, include no display, and would be positioned as Apple's entry-level desktop computer. The Mac mini is an entry-level computer intended for budget-minded customers. Until the release, the Mac mini had much less processing power than the other computers of the Macintosh lineup.
Unlike regular desktop computers, which use standard-sized components such as 3.
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It also had less storage and memory than comparable desktops. However, the upgrade addressed many of these previous complaints. In general, the Mac mini has been praised as a relatively affordable computer with a solid range of features. However, many also agree that it is relatively costly for a computer aimed at the lower segment of the market. It is possible to buy small computers at the same price with faster processors, better graphics card, more memory, and more storage.
In addition, its size and reliability has helped keep resale values high. On October 22, , Apple introduced a new server version of the Mac mini along with revisions of the computer. This model had a second hard drive instead of an optical drive, and was marketed as an affordable server for small businesses and schools. On June 15, , Apple introduced the third-generation Mac mini.
It also included an internal power supply. The Server model was upgraded to a quad-core Intel Core i7 processor. Quad-core i7 CPUs were also used in the late desktop Mac mini computers. The only change to the body was the removal of the two holes used to open the case, as the RAM was no longer upgradable because it was soldered to the logic board; this idea is similar to the Retina MacBook Pro, the MacBook Air and the Mid On October 30, , after four years, the Mac mini got a refresh.
With this came major specification upgrades, new colors, and a switch to all-flash storage. This shows Apple's trend back toward user-upgrade-ability in their desktop models. The storage was changed to a baseline GB of flash storage, with a max of 2 TB. The Bluetooth was upgraded to the 5. The most notable feature of the Mac mini is its size. The original design measured only 2. The exterior of the original Mac mini was made of aluminum capped with polycarbonate plastic on the top and bottom.
The original design had no visible screws and was not meant to be upgraded by the user. It had an external power supply rated at 85W G4 models or W pre Intel models ; although they used the same connector, power supplies were not interchangeable between these models. The Mac mini, updated on June 15, , was fully redesigned,  being slimmer than the prior models at only 1. The weight rose from 2. The power supply is now internal as opposed to external. The chassis no longer has the polycarbonate plastic on the top or bottom.
The newer model, introduced July 20, has the same physical dimensions but is slightly lighter, at 2. The model Mac mini was redesigned to be opened using a round cover on the bottom of the computer. Prior versions of the Mac mini were much more difficult to open. Some Mac mini owners used a putty knife or a pizza cutter to pry open the cases of older models to gain access to the interior for installation of cheaper third party memory upgrades.
It's also possible to use wires to pull the white plastic bottom case out of the metal top case. They switched to a non-socketed CPU with the model that did not allow an easy upgrade. With the June revision, the case can be readily opened to add RAM except for the Late models. The Mac mini can be used for home cinema theater applications.
Installing Mac mini Mid Dual Hard Drive Kit - iFixit Repair Guide
The small footprint, multi-format video output, digital audio output, remote control IR receiver and the relatively powerful Intel CPUs make it easy to use the Mac mini as part of a home entertainment system. Sound is provided by a combination jack that uses both mini- headphone analog and optical fiber cables digital. As of the July revision of the Mac mini, the computer sports an Intel HD graphics processor with an optional Radeon graphics processing unit available and Thunderbolt which makes decoding high-resolution video much quicker and efficient.
The current Intel models of Mac mini can display video via the HDMI port at a maximum resolution of x and up to x via the Mini DisplayPort with a compatible monitor.
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The chips in these models of Mac mini ran at either 1. This restricts both the maximum amount of available memory, which can greatly reduce performance by forcing the system to page to the hard disk, and, since the system is unable to take advantage of dual channels, maximum bandwidth. The Mac mini G4 uses a single 2. Because of its sealed enclosure, it is not possible to upgrade the hard drive without opening the enclosure and possibly voiding the warranty of the system.
The original Mac mini includes two USB 2. The modem was later omitted from the Mac mini, but an external modem remained an option. External displays are supported via a DVI port. In the last revision of the Mac mini G4, the internal mezzanine board was upgraded to accommodate the AirPort Wi-Fi and Bluetooth technology onto one chip. In prior models, the Mac mini included an AirPort Extreme card taped to the mezzanine board and a separate Bluetooth module. Notes: 1 The serial number and specifications sticker on the underside of the latest revision do not carry the actual specs of the upgrade.
For example, on a 1. The product packaging also did not reflect the upgrade. Apple did not revise the official specifications on their web site. As of Mac OS X The specifications below are from Apple's "tech specs" page,  except where noted. The current [ clarification needed ] non-server Mac mini is available in two versions, one with a mobile dual-core bit Intel Core i5 processor that runs at 2. The and Mac mini models that come standard with a bit Intel Core Solo processor can be changed to an Intel bit Core 2 Duo processor through a simple upgrade.
The following processors are compatible: 2. The more recent and later Mac mini models have the processors soldered onto the logic board and thus are not upgradable. Geekbench scores have shown that the 2.
While the Mac mini G4 contained a separate graphics processor, all revisions of the Intel-based Mac mini contain integrated GPUs, except in the version where the 2. Unlike the Mac mini G4, the Intel-based Mac mini uses a dual-channel architecture for memory. While all versions of the Mac mini up to and including the revision supports user upgradeable memory after purchase, the model does not,  because the memory is soldered to the logic board. Since the integrated graphics processor does not have its own dedicated memory, the system shares some of the main system memory with it.
All models continue to use 2. A Combo drive was initially offered as standard, with the SuperDrive being an option, but through the models, all models that have an optical drive contain the SuperDrive as standard. Networking is supported with a built-in Gigabit Ethernet port and an integrated Bluetooth was also made standard. External displays are supported through a DVI port. A fifth USB 2. The AirPort card was upgraded to Bluetooth was also upgraded from 2. As of this revision, the Apple Remote is no longer included with the Mac mini.
The Mac mini model gave access to 3 different USB busses on the back. Upgradable up to an Intel Core 2 Duo 2. Starting from the mid revision, there is a removable panel on the bottom, enabling the user to upgrade the RAM. The new Mac mini has an all-aluminium enclosure, called unibody.
The unibody manufacturing process was originally developed for the MacBook Air  and later also used in the MacBook and MacBook Pro , and the iMac before being introduced into the Mac mini range. The built-in power supply negates the need for an external power supply "brick" used on earlier models. There have been other changes in the revision. They include the elimination of the Kensington Security Slot ,  as well as the optical drive. While the fifth USB 2. Mac mini models released in late used dual-core processors, which perform worse in multi-threaded workloads compared to the quad-core processors from the model.
Meanwhile, single-threaded workload performance increased. PCIe-based flash storage is standard with no option of a hard disk drive.
The chassis is mostly a carryover from the previous generation, measuring the same dimensions, though is only available in a darker "space gray" finish. Memory can again be replaced, unlike the models that soldered it to the logic board. Apple has offered a Server configuration of the Mac mini. Later on, Apple released the OS X Server packaged app as a single purchase from the Mac App Store , containing all the separate components apps, so that any model of Mac computer could download and use them.
The Mid Server model was initially the only Mac mini to entirely remove the optical drive, replacing it with a second hard drive in its place.
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However, from the Mid models onwards, all models of Mac mini had the optical drive removed. The Mac mini Server hardware was discontinued with the Late model. Apple states that customers are able to receive support for these services directly from open-source providers. Other Apple-proprietary services, such as Airport, Calendar, Contacts, Messages, and Netboot were also removed, with no corresponding open source options.
Alternatives for Mac users include running Linux or Windows virtualized, or installing third-party Unix packages via open source package managers such as Conda, Fink, Homebrew, MacPorts, Nix, pkgsrc, and Rudix . The only services remaining in macOS Server 5.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Desktop computer by Apple. Apple Inc. The Economist. Archived from the original on December 9, Retrieved December 9,