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Here's how to tweak it to your liking. Gestures trigger certain features and speed up navigation. By pressing slightly harder than you would to trigger a regular click, you can trigger a Force Touch—essentially a whole new mouse button for context-sensitive operations 10 Genuinely Useful Force Touch Trackpad Gestures on a Mac 10 Genuinely Useful Force Touch Trackpad Gestures on a Mac Apple's Force Touch technology enables for pressure-sensitive clicks, which can vastly speed up how you access some of the system's most useful shortcuts.

Some useful ones to start you off are:. You can send video or audio or both to an AirPlay receiver like an Apple TV by clicking on the AirPlay icon below in the menu bar at the top of the screen. You can also send media to receivers using the AirPlay icon when you see it in other apps, like iTunes and Spotify. This is ideal for presentations and sharing photos, but performance will depend on your network speed and interference.

Launch Finder and click on AirDrop in the sidebar to scan for a list of available recipients. You can share virtually anything using AirDrop from your Mac. You can also use the Share button built into many Mac apps, like Safari and Notes. We can step you through all of your available options.

Siri on Mac is just like Siri on iPhone. Examples include stock data, sports fixtures and tables, local weather forecasts, and calculations made with Wolfram Alpha. Not all iCloud services require iCloud storage. It maintains the same library contents across devices, and requires no storage space online or otherwise unless you decide to save content offline. Just make sure file sizes are under 50GB. You can retrieve the contents of your library on any iCloud-connected device.

The former allows you to track your laptop from the web and other Apple devices; the latter is a remote control VNC solution. These include basics like Mail, Contacts, Calendar, and Notes. This web frontend is most useful as a webmail service for iCloud mail, for tracking your devices and friends, or for working on documents remotely. For important system downloads including security fixes, firmware updates, and new versions of first-party Apple software, launch the App Store app and click on the Updates tab.

Any third-party apps you install from the Mac App Store will also receive updates in this manner. Apps you install from the web or through other means will require updating manually.

How to Prepare Your Mac to Upgrade to macOS Mojave

Most applications will automatically notify you of updates and offer to download and install them for you. It works using an external drive, though you can specify network locations if you want. Specify the drive you want to use to back up your Mac. With a disk specified, Time Machine will start backing up your Mac.

Every time you connect this hard drive, Time Machine will kick in and create a backup. When your drive becomes full, the oldest backups are deleted first. You can browse your backups at any time by connecting your Time Machine hard drive, then clicking the Time Machine icon in the menu bar and selecting Enter Time Machine. The purpose of this backup is to restore your Mac to its current glory if something goes wrong. That includes hardware or operating system failure, or even moving to an entirely new Mac.

Here are some essential tips to secure your machine and make bringing it along easier than ever. The most obvious one is maintaining a decent buffer of free space. Your Mac will experience performance issues when it runs low on space. The operating system and many third-party apps rely on usable free space for regular operating. If possible, try to maintain a bare minimum of 10GB of space on your Mac at all times. The Store in iCloud feature lets you automatically upload and download files to iCloud as needed.

You can also choose to enable the Empty Trash Automatically feature, which permanently erases items in your Trash after 30 days. Finally, click on the Review Files button to see a breakdown of the largest and least-used files on your Mac. These free apps will let you know.


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Here are several places to find and clear temporary files to regain storage space on macOS. Here are all your options for adding more storage space to your MacBook. Read More to ease the strain. This usually happens in October, about a month after the yearly iOS update lands. These major updates represent a brand-new version of macOS, with a new name and set of wallpapers to differentiate it from the last. Apple debuts new features and technologies in yearly revisions, as well as major new versions of core apps like Safari, Photos, and Notes.

One word of caution though: if you rely on a particular app, make sure that app is compatible with the newest version before upgrading. Before you install a major operating system upgrade, always create a backup using Time Machine. You should also ensure you have adequate free space to install the upgrade. What if your Mac runs out of space mid-install?

And how do you fix the problem when you can't access your computer normally any more? Read More from time to time, and it never hurts to be prepared. Your Mac is not immune to problems, and issues will rear their head occasionally. You should know what you can do to prevent issues and get everything rolling again when needed. This is one of the reasons that creating frequent backups as discussed above is so important. By holding a specific combination of keys while starting your Mac, you can enter specific boot modes.

These help troubleshoot your Mac, install other operating systems, or run hardware diagnostics. Shut down your Mac, press the power button, then immediately press and hold the required combination. Some useful boot modes to remember are:. Apple technicians use ASD to isolate and fix problems with Apple hardware.

If your Mac is out of warranty, you can still have Apple fix it, but this is an expensive route. You could also opt for third-party authorized Apple service points, which are slightly cheaper. Finally, you can take it to any repair shop or choose to fix it yourself. Why not try troubleshooting your own Mac first next time? Read More , it might not be the best choice for newcomers and those lacking in hardware experience. Try these nifty Mac Dashboard widgets to add useful functionality! Here are several great ways to block sleep mode and keep your Mac awake.

Your email address will not be published. No, I did not buy one of these costly branded Tamagotchies, I am required by work reasons to find out how do these Hated it since I had my first assembler and my dad had an Amiga. It looks even worse nowadays, but I will take the pain of "adjusting to apple way of doing things" but will never give away my PC at home.

Top Deals. Email Facebook Whatsapp Pinterest Twitter. This guide is available to download as a free PDF. Feel free to copy and share this with your friends and family. Something Disappeared From Your Mac? Enjoyed this article? Stay informed by joining our newsletter! Since , Apple has promoted its new programming language Swift as the preferred language for software development on Apple platforms.

This caused much outcry among existing Mac developers, who threatened to abandon the platform rather than invest in a costly rewrite, and the idea was shelved. Because macOS is POSIX compliant, many software packages written for the other Unix-like systems including Linux can be recompiled to run on it, including much scientific and technical software.

Apple and others have provided versions of the X Window System graphical interface which can allow these applications to run with an approximation of the macOS look-and-feel. Applications can be distributed to Macs and installed by the user from any source and by any method such as downloading with or without code signing , available via an Apple developer account or through the Mac App Store , a marketplace of software maintained by Apple by way of a process requiring the company's approval. Apps installed through the Mac App Store run within a sandbox , restricting their ability to exchange information with other applications or modify the core operating system and its features.

This has been cited as an advantage, by allowing users to install apps with confidence that they should not be able to damage their system, but also as a disadvantage due to blocking the Mac App Store's use for professional applications that require elevated privileges. Apple produces macOS applications, some of which are included and some sold separately.

Numerous other developers also offer software for macOS. Tools such as XPostFacto and patches applied to the installation media have been developed by third parties to enable installation of newer versions of macOS on systems not officially supported by Apple. Except for features requiring specific hardware such as graphics acceleration or DVD writing, the operating system offers the same functionality on all supported hardware. As most Mac hardware components, or components similar to those, since the Intel transition are available for purchase, [] some technology-capable groups have developed software to install macOS on non-Apple computers.

These are referred to as Hackintoshes , a portmanteau of the words "hack" and "Macintosh". On June 6, , Steve Jobs announced in his keynote address at the annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference that Apple would be making the transition from PowerPC to Intel processors over the following two years, and that Mac OS X would support both platforms during the transition. Jobs also confirmed rumors that Apple had versions of Mac OS X running on Intel processors for most of its developmental life. A new version of Xcode and the underlying command-line compilers supported building universal binaries that would run on either architecture.

PowerPC-only software is supported with Apple's official emulation software, Rosetta , though applications eventually had to be rewritten to run properly on the newer versions released for Intel processors. Apple initially encouraged developers to produce universal binaries with support for both PowerPC and Intel. Plugins for Safari need to be compiled for the same platform as Safari, so when Safari is running on Intel, it requires plug-ins that have been compiled as Intel-only or universal binaries, so PowerPC-only plug-ins will not work.

Support for the PowerPC platform was dropped following the transition. One of the major differences between the classic Mac OS and the current macOS was the addition of Aqua , a graphical user interface with water-like elements, in the first major release of Mac OS X. Every window element, text, graphic, or widget is drawn on-screen using spatial anti-aliasing technology. New interface elements were integrated, including sheets dialog boxes attached to specific windows and drawers, which would slide out and provide options. The use of soft edges, translucent colors, and pinstripes, similar to the hardware design of the first iMacs , brought more texture and color to the user interface when compared to what Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X Server 1.

According to Siracusa, the introduction of Aqua and its departure from the then conventional look "hit like a ton of bricks. To some extent, Apple has used the successful transition to this new design as leverage, at various times threatening legal action against people who make or distribute software with an interface the company says is derived from its copyrighted design. Apple has continued to change aspects of the macOS appearance and design, particularly with tweaks to the appearance of windows and the menu bar.

Since , Apple has sold many of its Mac models with high-resolution Retina displays , and macOS and its APIs have extensive support for resolution-independent development on supporting high-resolution displays. Reviewers have described Apple's support for the technology as superior to that on Windows.

The human interface guidelines published by Apple for macOS are followed by many applications, giving them consistent user interface and keyboard shortcuts. The graphics system OpenGL composites windows onto the screen to allow hardware-accelerated drawing. This technology, introduced in version The Finder is a file browser allowing quick access to all areas of the computer, which has been modified throughout subsequent releases of macOS. It allows for dynamic previews of files, including videos and multi-page documents without opening any other applications.

Spotlight , a file searching technology which has been integrated into the Finder since version Its functions are to instantly display all open windows as thumbnails for easy navigation to different tasks, display all open windows as thumbnails from the current application, and hide all windows to access the desktop.


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  7. Features introduced in version The operating system then managed conflicting edits and data consistency. In more recent releases, Apple has developed support for emoji characters by including the proprietary Apple Color Emoji font. There are 38 system languages available in macOS for the user at the moment of installation; the system language is used throughout the entire operating system environment. Until OS X In Mountain Lion and later, this was merged into the Mac App Store application, although the underlying update mechanism remains unchanged and is fundamentally different than the download mechanism used when purchasing an App Store application.

    In macOS Prior to its release, Mac OS X After the immense buzz surrounding Mac OS X Apple has also registered "Lynx" and "Cougar" as trademarks, though these were allowed to lapse. The "PB", as it was known, marked the first public availability of the Aqua interface and Apple made many changes to the UI based on customer feedback. Following some bug fixes, kernel panics became much less frequent. It featured increased performance and provided missing features, such as DVD playback. Apple released It was discovered that the upgrade CDs were full install CDs that could be used with Mac OS 9 systems by removing a specific file; Apple later re-released the CDs in an actual stripped-down format that did not facilitate installation on such systems.

    Mac OS X v In addition to providing much improved performance, it also incorporated the most extensive update yet to the user interface. Apple stated that Tiger contained more than new features. The initial release of the Apple TV used a modified version of Tiger with a different graphical interface and fewer applications and services. On January 10, , Apple released the first Intel-based Macs along with the This operating system functioned identically on the PowerPC-based Macs and the new Intel-based machines, with the exception of the Intel release lacking support for the Classic environment.

    It brought more than new features. The single DVD works for all supported Macs including bit machines. New features include a new look, an updated Finder, Time Machine , Spaces , Boot Camp pre-installed, [] full support for bit applications including graphical applications , new features in Mail and iChat , and a number of new security features. Rather than delivering big changes to the appearance and end user functionality like the previous releases of Mac OS X , Snow Leopard focused on "under the hood" changes, increasing the performance, efficiency, and stability of the operating system.

    For most users, the most noticeable changes were: the disk space that the operating system frees up after a clean install compared to Mac OS X The It brought developments made in Apple's iOS, such as an easily navigable display of installed applications called Launchpad and a greater use of multi-touch gestures, to the Mac. This release removed Rosetta , making it incompatible with PowerPC applications. Documents auto-save by default.

    OS X It incorporates some features seen in iOS 5, which include Game Center , support for iMessage in the new Messages messaging application, and Reminders as a to-do list app separate from iCal which is renamed as Calendar, like the iOS app. It also includes support for storing iWork documents in iCloud. Application pop-ups are now concentrated on the corner of the screen, and the Center itself is pulled from the right side of the screen.

    Mountain Lion also includes more Chinese features including support for Baidu as an option for Safari search engine, QQ , It was a free upgrade to all users running Snow Leopard or later with a bit Intel processor. It features a redesigned user interface similar to that of iOS 7 , intended to feature a more minimal, text-based 'flat' design, with use of translucency effects and intensely saturated colors. Similar to Mac OS X Refinements include public transport built into the Maps application, GUI improvements to the Notes application, adopting San Francisco as the system font for clearer legibility, and the introduction of System Integrity Protection.

    Metal also delivers up to 10 times faster draw call performance for more fluid experience in games and pro apps. The major change under the hood is the switch to the Apple File System , which is optimized for solid-state storage used in most new Mac computers. As of July , macOS is the second-most-active general-purpose desktop client operating system in use on the World Wide Web following Microsoft Windows , with a 4. It is the second most widely used desktop operating system for web browsing , after Windows, and is estimated at approximately five times the usage of Linux which has 1.

    Usage share generally continues to shift away from the desktop and toward mobile operating systems such as iOS and Android. In its earlier years, Mac OS X enjoyed a near-absence of the types of malware and spyware that have affected Microsoft Windows users. Worms , as well as potential vulnerabilities, were noted in , which led some industry analysts and anti-virus companies to issue warnings that Apple's Mac OS X is not immune to malware.

    At first, the malware installer required the user to enter the administrative password, but later versions were able to install without user input. Apple announced an OS X update to fix the problem. An estimated , users were affected. As a devices company, Apple has mostly promoted macOS to sell Macs, with promotion of macOS updates focused on existing users, promotion at Apple Store and other retail partners, or through events for developers.

    In larger scale advertising campaigns, Apple specifically promoted macOS as better for handling media and other home-user applications, and comparing Mac OS X especially versions Tiger and Leopard with the heavy criticism Microsoft received for the long-awaited Windows Vista operating system. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the current Apple operating system for Mac computers. For pre versions, see Classic Mac OS.

    For other uses, see OSX disambiguation. Operating system for Apple computers. Screenshot of the macOS Mojave desktop in dark mode. List of languages. System Preferences Rhapsody Developer Release Hera Server 1. Main article: macOS version history. Main article: Architecture of macOS. See also: List of Macintosh software. Afterwards, users could either revert to iChat or upgrade to a newer version of OS X Two minor updates, 1.

    Otherwise, Mac OS X Main article: Apple's transition to Intel processors. Main article: Aqua user interface. Main article: List of macOS components. Main article: Mac OS X Main article: OS X Mavericks. Main article: OS X Yosemite. Main article: macOS Sierra. Main article: macOS High Sierra. Main article: macOS Mojave.

    How to clean install Mac OS from USB

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    Once you reboot, you'll notice that Apple has abandoned the light and airy Aqua interface for the darker, heavier brushed-metal look of iTunes.

    macOS Catalina: Just Announced, Coming This Fall

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